IMS acquires Leon Barg's collection

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An obstinate researcher, Leon Barg (1930-2009) dedicated his life to preserving and spreading Brazilian music. Over the decades, in his constant searches, he gathered the largest collection of 78 rpm records in the country. The main collection, comprising the best specimens, now arrives at Instituto Moreira Salles.

The set acquired by IMS comprises around 30,000 discs of Brazilian popular music. It is estimated that it corresponds to the 80% of the national discography released in 78 rpm, a recording format used until the beginning of the 1960s, when it was replaced by the long playings in 33 rotations. Of fragile material and ten inches in diameter on average, the 78 rpm can only hold one track on each face.

The collection includes examples from the so-called mechanical phase, between 1902 and 1927, when the first records were released in Brazil by the pioneering Casa Edison, and also from the electric age, from 1927 to 1964. In the collection, there are records by iconic performers such as Francisco Alves, by whom Barg was fascinated, Aracy de Almeida and Carlos Galhardo. But also little-known titles released by small labels, from all regions of Brazil, in a broad panorama of the production of the period.


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